Leptospirosis is an emerging infectious disease in Sri Lanka. The outbreak of leptospirosis that has been sustained since 2008 is the second largest outbreak of leptospirosis that has been reported worldwide; however, the reasons for the increasing incidence in recents years are not adequately explained. This project combines a case-control study of hospital patients with a serosurvey of the livestock and dogs belonging to the households of the study participants. The results will be used to formulate hypotheses about the transmission of the endemic leptospiral pathogens from animals to humans, and about environmental sources of human infection. View preliminary results.
Key organisations for this project include the Epidemiology Unit of Sri Lanka within the Ministry of Health, and the Department of Animal Production and Health within the Ministry of Livestock and Rural Community Development. Other government departments involved include the Department of Health Services, the Medical Research Institute and the National Health Fund. Additional collaborating organisations include the Faculty of Medicine and Allied Sciences at the University of Saliyapura; the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science at the University of Peradeniya; the Veterinary Research Institute and the World Health Organisation.